Theoretical analysis of effects of blood substitute affinity and cooperativity on organ oxygen transport

Mahendra Kavdia, Roland N. Pittman, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hemoglobin-based O2 carriers (HBOCs), which are developed as an alternative to blood transfusion, provide O2 delivery. At present, there is no model to predict the O2 transport for a red blood cell-HBOC mixture on a whole organ basis. On the basis of the first principles of mass balance, a model of O2 transport for an organ was derived to calculate venous PO2 (PvO2 for a given inlet arterial PO2 (PaO2), blood flow, and oxygen consumption. The model was validated by using several in vivo animal studies on HBOC administration for a wide range of HBOC oxygen-binding parameters and predicted PvO2 for various PaO2 in the same species. The model was also used to predict the effect of HBOC affinity and cooperativity on PvO2 for humans. The results indicate that PvO2 can be increased at a constant blood flow-to-oxygen consumption ratio by reducing the affinity of HBOC for normoxia and mild hypoxia; however, a high-affinity HBOC would be more efficient in maintaining higher PvO2 for severe hypoxia (PaO2 < 40 Torr).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2122-2128
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002


  • Cat
  • Exchange transfusion
  • Hamster
  • Hemoglobin based oxygen carrier
  • Oxygen affinity
  • Oxygen dissociation curve
  • Partial pressure of oxygen at 50% hemoglobin saturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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