Theileria parva: CD4+ helper and cytotoxic T-cell clones react with a schizont-derived antigen associated with the surface of Theileria parva-infected lymphocytes

Cynthia L. Baldwin, Keith P. Iams, Wendy C. Brown, Dennis J. Grab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Theileria parva is a protozoan parasite which infects and transforms bovine lymphocytes, resulting in a fatal lymphoproliferative disease. There is evidence that immunity to the intralymphocytic schizont stage is mediated by T cells. We have previously reported derivation of CD4+ T-cell clones which recognize parasite-derived antigens presented on the surface of infected cells in conjunction with MHC molecules and partial characterization of the antigens. The present study further evaluated one of these antigens, demonstrating that it could be derived from cells infected with different parasite stocks as well as from purified theilerial schizonts and that it was recognized by primed, but not unprimed, bovine lymphocytes including cytolytic CD4+ T cells. Using a cloned CD4+ cytolytic cell line, lysis of schizont-infected cells was shown to be MHC-restricted but not parasite-strain restricted. In addition we demonstrated that T cells which respond to the HSS antigenic preparation were generated in cattle immunized with parasites from any of the three subspecies of T. parva. The antigenic material was fractionated by sequential subjection to anion-exchange chromatography, hydroxylapatite chromatography, and gel filtration using HPLC, which resulted in recovery of approximately 20% of the antigenic material with more than 106-fold purification in selected fractions. To assess the molecular size of the proteins in the highly purified antigenic fractions, the T. parva-infected lymphocytes were metabolically labeled before fractionation with 3H-amino acids and the material was analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and liquid scintillation counting of gel slices. The major protein in these fractions had a molecular mass of 9-10 kDa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Parasite antigen
  • T-cell clone
  • Theileria parva

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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