The variable direct cost and cost drivers of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach

Christopher R. Razavi, Ved A. Tanavde, Alexander S. Kim, Mohammad Shaear, Ralph P. Tufano, Jonathon O. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: As transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach grows in popularity, there is a need for data on cost in order to better characterize its value to patients. To this end, we compared the variable direct cost of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach and transcervical approach thyroidectomy and determined which factors drive the increased cost for the transoral approach. Methods: Patients undergoing thyroid lobectomy and total thyroidectomy that met inclusion criteria for transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach, including those patients that opted for management via the transcervical approach, between 8/2016 and 4/2019 were reviewed. The variable direct cost for the surgical encounter was collected and means were compared between the transoral and transcervical cohorts for lobectomy and total thyroidectomy respectively. The operative time independent variable direct cost was similarly compared between cohorts. Results: Out of 238 patients, 118 (50%) were managed via transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach and 120 (50%) were managed via transcervical approach thyroidectomy. Mean variable direct cost, our primary outcome, was $4,455 (SD 1,129, 95% CI: 4,204-4,706) for transoral lobectomy and $3,179 (SD 687, 95% CI: 2,990-3,369) for transcervical lobectomy [t(132.05)=8.09, P<0.001] representing a difference in cost of $1,276 (SD 158, 95% CI: 964-1,587). Mean variable direct cost was $4,681 (SD 829, 95% CI: 4,405-4,957) for transoral total thyroidectomy and $3,645 (SD 876, 95% CI: 3,431-3,858) for transcervical total thyroidectomy [t(79.92)=5.98, P<0.001], representing a difference in cost of $1,036 (SD 173, 95% CI: 691-1,381). Differences in energy devices alone account for $487.53 and $447.96 of the cost differences, respectively. Conclusions: The differences in mean variable direct cost between transoral endoscopic vestibular approach and transcervical approach for lobectomy and total thyroidectomy were $1276 and $1036 respectively, amounts far less than some believe them to be. This data will be invaluable as we ultimately aim to define the value of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-528
Number of pages8
JournalGland Surgery
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) remote-access thyroidectomy
  • transoral thyroidectomy minimally-invasive thyroidectomy endoscopic thyroidectomy cost

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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