Background: Acute stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a common indication for hospitalization and can have devastating consequences, particularly in the setting of recurrence. Cardiac sources are potentially remediable; thus, a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is frequently ordered to evaluate for a cardiac source of embolism. Objective: To evaluate the utility of performing TTE on patients experiencing a CVA or transient ischemic attack (TIA) to evaluate for a cardiac source of embolism. Methods: Retrospective review of TTE reports and patient electronic medical records at Anne Arundel Medical Center, a 385-bed community hospital. Medical charts for all CVA patients receiving a TTE between February 2012 to April 2013 were reviewed for TTEs showing unequivocal cardiac sources of embolism as evaluated by the reviewing cardiologist. Patient information and clinical morbidities were also noted to construct a composite demographic of CVA patients. Results: One TTE of 371 (0.270%) identified a clear cardiac embolus. Risk factors for stroke included hypertension (n = 302), cardiovascular disease (n = 204), cardiomyopathy (n = 131), and diabetes (n = 146). Conclusion: In the setting of stroke, TTE is of limited value when determining the etiology of stroke and should be used provisionally rather than routinely in evaluating patients experiencing CVA or TIA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy