The Validity and Structure of Culture-Level Personality Scores

Data From Ratings of Young Adolescents

Robert R. McCrae, Antonio Terracciano, Filip De Fruyt, Marleen De Bolle, Michele J. Gelfand, Paul Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined properties of culture-level personality traits in ratings of targets (N=5,109) ages 12 to 17 in 24 cultures. Aggregate scores were generalizable across gender, age, and relationship groups and showed convergence with culture-level scores from previous studies of self-reports and observer ratings of adults, but they were unrelated to national character stereotypes. Trait profiles also showed cross-study agreement within most cultures, 8 of which had not previously been studied. Multidimensional scaling showed that Western and non-Western cultures clustered along a dimension related to Extraversion. A culture-level factor analysis replicated earlier findings of a broad Extraversion factor but generally resembled the factor structure found in individuals. Continued analysis of aggregate personality scores is warranted. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-838
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Personality
Public Sector
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Age Groups
Extraversion (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The Validity and Structure of Culture-Level Personality Scores : Data From Ratings of Young Adolescents. / McCrae, Robert R.; Terracciano, Antonio; De Fruyt, Filip; De Bolle, Marleen; Gelfand, Michele J.; Costa, Paul.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 78, No. 3, 06.2010, p. 815-838.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCrae, Robert R. ; Terracciano, Antonio ; De Fruyt, Filip ; De Bolle, Marleen ; Gelfand, Michele J. ; Costa, Paul. / The Validity and Structure of Culture-Level Personality Scores : Data From Ratings of Young Adolescents. In: Journal of Personality. 2010 ; Vol. 78, No. 3. pp. 815-838.
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