The Validity and Structure of Culture-Level Personality Scores: Data From Ratings of Young Adolescents

Robert R. McCrae, Antonio Terracciano, Filip De Fruyt, Marleen De Bolle, Michele J. Gelfand, Paul T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined properties of culture-level personality traits in ratings of targets (N=5,109) ages 12 to 17 in 24 cultures. Aggregate scores were generalizable across gender, age, and relationship groups and showed convergence with culture-level scores from previous studies of self-reports and observer ratings of adults, but they were unrelated to national character stereotypes. Trait profiles also showed cross-study agreement within most cultures, 8 of which had not previously been studied. Multidimensional scaling showed that Western and non-Western cultures clustered along a dimension related to Extraversion. A culture-level factor analysis replicated earlier findings of a broad Extraversion factor but generally resembled the factor structure found in individuals. Continued analysis of aggregate personality scores is warranted. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-838
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of personality
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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