Twenty-four patients were studied with both 201Tl-thallous chloride and 99mTc-TBI scintigraphy following exercise. Comparison of the two agents in detecting segmental myocardial ischemia and scar was made in 18 patients with evidence of coronary artery disease on 201Tl-thallous chloride scintigraphy. Agreement between the two studies was observed in 77% (125 of 162) of left ventricular segments, suggesting that 99mTc-TBI can be used as a myocardial perfusion agent. Limitations were related to early high background activity from lungs and liver. The high lung activity and early myocardial redistribution within the 1st hour contributed to the failure of 99mTc-TBI to detect 16 segmental defects seen in the immediate post-exercise thallous chloride scan. Persistently high liver activity additionally affected accurate interpretation in the left ventricular segments close to the diaphargm. Improvement in the accuracy of 99mTc-TBI stress studies might be achieved with tomographic imaging to reduce the problem of background activity or by the development of 99mTc-labeled isonitrile analogues with rapid lung and liver clearance.
- Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy
- Tc t-butylisonitrile
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging