The Utility of Locus of Control for Predicting Adolescent Substance Use

Linda Holm Bearinger, Robert W Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the utility of locus of control (LOC) for predicting adolescent substance use. As part of a larger three-wave cohort-sequential study (1983-1989), 155 secondary school-based adolescents completed questionnaires on substance use, personality characteristics, family/peer influences, and health behaviors. Latent variable indicators were developed from the Nowicki-Strickland Personal Reaction Survey and substance use survey items. LOC was a weak predictor of substance use. In two instances were relationships significant: (a) 7th grade LOC predicted 11th grade alcohol use; and, (b) 9th grade LOC correlated with 11th grade cannabis use. Small samples precluded analysis of gender and social class effects. SEM with panel data offers a methodological approach for examining the explanatory capability of LOC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-245
Number of pages17
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Internal-External Control
Health Behavior
Cannabis
Social Class
Personality
Cohort Studies
Alcohols
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Locus of control
  • Structural equation modeling
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

The Utility of Locus of Control for Predicting Adolescent Substance Use. / Bearinger, Linda Holm; Blum, Robert W.

In: Research in Nursing and Health, Vol. 20, No. 3, 06.1997, p. 229-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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