The use of seatbelts and child restraints in three Mexican cities

Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Aruna Chandran, Martha Híjar, Alfredo Celis, Ma Socorro Carmona-Lozano, Jeffrey C. Lunnen, Adnan A. Hyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seatbelts and child restraints can reduce deaths resulting from road traffic crashes, and are one of the risk factors being targeted by the Road Safety in 10 Countries project in Mexico. This study quantifies the prevalence of restraint use in two of the intervention sites (Guadalajara-Zapopan and León) and one comparison site (Cuernavaca). Three rounds of roadside observations were conducted between November 2010 and January 2012. The overall prevalence of seatbelt use was 45.0% (95% CI = 44.3-45.7) amongst all occupants ≥10 years of age in the three cities. Child restraint use in children <5 years of age ranged from 7.9 to 17.4%. Two rounds of surveys were administered to all road traffic injury (RTI) victims presenting at a tertiary hospital in each city; RTI victims had lower seatbelt use than the general population (31% vs 42%, p = 0.037). This study demonstrates the need for further targeted intervention to increase use of these highly efficacious safety devices in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-393
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • LMICs
  • Mexico
  • child restraints
  • injury
  • road safety
  • seatbelts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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