Uso de chupeta em crianças: contaminação fecal e associação com diarréia.

Translated title of the contribution: The use of pacifiers in children: fecal contamination and association with diarrhea

E. Tomasi, C. G. Victora, P. R. Post, M. T. Olinto, D. Béhague

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A cross-sectional study of 354 children under two years of age was carried out in two periurban slums, with poor sanitary and socioeconomic conditions, located in Pelotas, southern Brazil. Most (79%) of the children studied were current users of pacifiers, 15% had never used one and the remaining 6% were ex-users. Among current users, 38% sucked a pacifier most of the time ("constant users"). Of the pacifiers in constant use, 93% were cultured for evidence of fecal contamination. Fecal coliforms were present in 49% of these. Diarrhoea was reported in 35% of all the children in the two weeks preceding the survey. Among constant pacifiers users, 40% had had diarrhoea in the preceding fortnight; this proportion was 32% for occasional users and 37% for non-users. These differences were not statistically significant.

Translated title of the contributionThe use of pacifiers in children: fecal contamination and association with diarrhea
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)373-379
Number of pages7
JournalRevista de Saude Publica
Volume28
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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