The use of micro-electro mechanical systems in vascular monitoring: implications for clinical use

Mahyar Pourriahi, Pablo Gurman, Jonathan Daich, Philip Cynamon, Aaron Richler, Noel Elman, Yitzhak Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction: BioMEMS relates to the implementation of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), in the biological and medical sphere. BioMEMS sensors are being utilized for many clinical applications, including a wireless urinary pressure system, right heart pressure sensor, and measurements on shearing force on the vascular system An important application of BioMEMS is on Heart failure (HF), a common disease, with a prevalence of 10% or more in persons 70 years of age or older, associated with high morbidity and mortality. HF affects over 5 million people and contributes to over 200,000 deaths a year in the United States alone. Areas covered: The purpose of this paper is to provide a short overview on the successful implementation of BioMEMS sensors in heart failure and vascular medicine. Expert commentary: BioMEMS devices have overcome current limitations in pharmacotherapies for resistant hypertension by electrical modulation of the baroreceeptors. This represents a step towards the development of biomedical micro-devices for those conditions in which pharmacotherapies result poorly effective or elicit unacceptable toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalExpert review of medical devices
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • capacitive pressure sensors
  • catheter-tip-sensor
  • heart failure
  • Micro-electro-mechanical systems
  • piezoresistive pressure sensors
  • vascular monitoring
  • wireless implantable sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering

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