The use of interleukin-2 and lymphokine-activated killer cells for the treatment of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Jeffrey S. Weber, James C. Yang, Suzanne L. Topalian, Douglas J. Schwartzentruber, Donald E. White, Steven A. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The study was undertaken to assess whether immunotherapy regimens with bolus high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) alone or with lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells are active in previously treated, relapsed patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Portents and Methods: Nineteen patients with low- or intermediate-grade lymphomas were treated with bolus high-dose IL-2 alone (11 patients) or IL-2 with LAK cells (eight patients). IL-2 was administered by intravenous bolus infusion at 720,000 IU/kg every 8 hours. Eight patients had low-grade histologies; 11 patients were intermediate-grade. Eighteen patients had received second- or third-generation combination chemotherapy, and eight had also received radiation. All 19 relapsed after a median of two chemotherapy regimens. Results: Four responses were observed, three partial and one complete, in patients with follicular histologies who received IL-2 with LAK cells. Response durations were 10, 16, 16, and 26 months, and three responders were re-treated after relapse with subsequent disease control for an additional 16,39+, and 2+ months, respectively. Conclusion: High-dose, bolus IL-2-based immunotherapy with LAK cells may be an effective treatment for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and merits further testing with larger numbers of patients in phase II trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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