Objective: To investigate the indications, efficacy, safety, and outcomes of potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser procedures for treatment of laryngeal disease. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched for studies providing information about the indications, efficacy, and safety of both in-office and operative suspension microlaryngoscopy KTP laser procedure in treatment of laryngeal disease. Diagnostic criteria and clinical outcome evaluation of included studies were analyzed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses criteria. Results: Of the initial screened 140 papers, 17 met our inclusion criteria. Six papers involved KTP laser procedures for benign and malignant vocal fold lesions in suspension microlaryngoscopy only, 10 papers focused on only in-office KTP laser procedures for benign vocal fold lesions, and 1 paper included both in-office and suspension microlaryngoscopy procedures. The following lesions may be considered as indications for KTP laser procedures: Reinke’s edema, sulcus vocalis, vocal fold hemorrhage, polyp, granuloma, cyst, scar, papillomatosis, dysplasia, leukoplakia, and early vocal fold malignancies. Irrespective of the types of procedure (in-office vs suspension microlaryngoscopy), the KTP laser is associated with a low complication rate and overall good vocal fold vibration recovery. There is an important heterogeneity among studies concerning laser settings, indications, and outcomes used for the assessment of treatment effectiveness. There are no controlled studies directly comparing KTP laser with other lasers (ie, carbon dioxide laser). Conclusion: The use of KTP laser procedures for treatment of laryngeal disease has increased over the past decade, especially for office-based management of vocal fold lesions. Future controlled studies are needed to compare the safety and outcomes of the KTP laser to other techniques.
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