The Unique Features of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children. Review of the Characteristics of the Pediatric Skull and Brain, Mechanisms of Trauma, Patterns of Injury, Complications and Their Imaging Findings-Part 1

Pedro S. Pinto, Andrea Poretti, Avner Meoded, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A.G.M. Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Traumatic head/brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and life-long disability in children. The biomechanical properties of the child's brain and skull, the size of the child, the age-specific activity pattern, and higher degree of brain plasticity result in a unique distribution, degree, and quality of TBI compared to adult TBI. A detailed knowledge about the various types of primary and secondary pediatric head injuries is essential to better identify and understand pediatric TBI. The goals of this review article are (1) to discuss the unique epidemiology, mechanisms, and characteristics of TBI in children, and (2) to review the anatomical and functional imaging techniques that can be used to study common and rare pediatric traumatic brain injuries and their complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1-e17
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Pediatric traumatic brain injury
  • Primary injury
  • Secondary injury
  • Susceptibility-weighted imaging
  • Trauma mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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