The Unique Features of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children. Review of the Characteristics of the Pediatric Skull and Brain, Mechanisms of Trauma, Patterns of Injury, Complications, and their Imaging Findings-Part 2

Pedro S. Pinto, Avner Meoded, Andrea Poretti, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A.G.M. Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The unique biomechanical, hemodynamical, and functional characteristics of the developing brain and the age-dependent variance in trauma mechanisms result in a wide range of age specific traumas and patterns of brain injuries. Detailed knowledge of the main primary and secondary pediatric injuries, which enhance sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis, will guide therapy and may give important information about the prognosis. In recent years, anatomical but also functional imaging methods have revolutionized neuroimaging of pediatric TBI. The purpose of this article is (1) to comprehensively review frequent primary and secondary brain injuries and (2) to give a short overview of two special types of pediatric TBI: birth related and nonaccidental injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e18-e41
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Keywords

  • Birth trauma
  • Computed tomography
  • Cortical contusion
  • Diffuse axonal injury
  • Epidural hematoma
  • Facial trauma
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Nonaccidental head injury
  • Pediatric traumatic brain injury
  • Primary injury
  • Secondary injury
  • Skull fractures
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Subdural hematoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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