The tyrosine kinase NPM-ALK, associated with anaplastic large cell lymphoma, binds the intracellular domain of the surface receptor CD30 but is not activated by CD30 stimulation

Gabriele Hübinger, Inka Scheffrahn, Elke Müller, Renyuan Bai, Justus Duyster, Stephan W. Morris, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Lothar Bergmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The heterogenous group of anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) is characterized by expression of the Ki-1/CD30 antigen, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. About 40 to 50% of cases diagnosed as ALCL contain a specific chromosomal rearrangement, t(2;5)(p23;q35), resulting in expression of the chimeric tyrosine kinase NPM-ALK. As NPM-ALK-positive lymphomas define a distinct subtype within the group of ALCL, the chimeric protein might be responsible for certain pathogenetic and clinicopathologic characteristics. To better elucidate the function of NPM-ALK, we investigated a possible mechanism for regulation of its activity. We demonstrate that NPM-ALK specifically binds to the intracellular domain of the cytokine receptor CD30. In vitro binding assays revealed that the ALK portion of NPM-ALK mediates interaction of the two proteins. Stimulation of the CD30 receptor by cross-linking with immobilized anti-CD30 antibody results in complete growth inhibition of Karpas 299, an NPM-ALK-positive ALCL cell line, but does not alter proliferation of HDLM-2, a Hodgkin's lymphoma-derived cell line lacking t(2;5). Western blot analysis of coimmunoprecipitated CD30 and NPM-ALK proteins from stimulated Karpas 299 cells showed that the interaction of the proteins is not modified by stimulation. Activation of CD30 neither enhanced NPM-ALK activity measured by autophosphorylation of the chimeric tyrosine kinase nor phosphorylation of phospholipase C-γ, an NPM-ALK substrate. We conclude that NPM-ALK is not stimulated by CD30 activation, but exists as a constitutively hyperactivated protein. Interaction with CD30 may extend the subcellular localization of NPM-ALK to the microenvironment of membrane-associated proteins. Copyright (C) 1999 International Society for Experimental Hematology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1796-1805
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
  • CD30
  • NPM-ALK
  • Tumor necrosis factor receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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