Fourteen patients with refractory ventricular tachyarrhythmias were treated with combined endocardial resection and implantation of the automatic defibrillator. There were 11 men and 3 women with a mean age of 53 years (range, 41 to 58 years). All patients had coronary artery disease; the mean ejection fraction was 26%, and the mean number of cardiac arrests was 2.6. Programmed electrical stimulation induced sustained ventricular tachycardia in 13 patients and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in 1. Operative endocardial mapping in the 13 patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia demonstrated a septal focus of early activation in 9 patients and a nonseptal site in 4. Following resection, sustained ventricular tachycardia could not be reinduced. There was 1 operative death. Programmed electrical stimulation performed one month after operation induced ventricular tachycardia in 5 patients, but tachycardia could not be induced in the other 8 survivors. The longest follow-up was 32 months; the average was 17 months. There were 2 late deaths. One patient died of myocardial infarction and 1 of pulmonary edema following a routine cholecystectomy. In another patient, late ventricular tachycardia developed but was automatically terminated by the implanted defibrillator. These results suggest that endocardial resection combined with implantation of the automatic defibrillator may offer the greatest protection yet available to patients with malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine