A transição de saúde pública 'internacional' para 'global' e a Organização Mundial da Saúde

Translated title of the contribution: The transition from 'international' to 'global' public health and the World Health Organization

Theodore M. Brown, Marcos Cueto, Elizabeth Fee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Within the context of international public health, 'global health' seems to be emerging as a recognized term of preference. This article presents a critical analysis of the meaning and importance of 'global health' and situates its growing popularity within a historical context. A specific focus of this work is the role of the World Health Organization - WHO in both 'international' and 'global' health, and as an agent of transition from one to the other. Between 1948 and 1998, the WHO went through a period of hardship as it came up against an organizational crisis, budget cuts and a diminished status, especially when confronted with the growing influence of new, powerful players like the World Bank. We suggest that the WHO has responded to this changing international context by initiating its own process of restructuring and repositioning as an agent for coordinating, strategically planning and leading 'global health' initiatives.

Translated title of the contributionThe transition from 'international' to 'global' public health and the World Health Organization
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)623-647
Number of pages25
JournalHistoria, Ciencias, Saude - Manguinhos
Volume13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2 2006

Keywords

  • Global public health
  • International public health
  • World Health Organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History and Philosophy of Science

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