The "top 5" lists in primary care: Meeting the responsibility of professionalism

Irene Aguilar, Zackary Berger, Danielle Casher, Ricky Y. Choi, Jonas B. Green, Elizabeth G. Harding, Jeffrey R. Jaeger, Arthur Lavin, Rebecca Martin, Lynda G. Montgomery, Nancy Morioka-Douglas, Judith A. Murphy, Lauren Oshman, Bethany Picker, Stephen R. Smith, Shubha Venkatesh, Mozella Williams, Gwendolyn M. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Physicians can adhere to the principles of professionalism by practicing high-quality, evidence-based care and advocating for just and cost-effective distribution of finite clinical resources. To promote these principles, the National Physicians Alliance (NPA) initiated a project titled "Promoting Good Stewardship in Clinical Practice" that aimed to develop a list of the top 5 activities in family medicine, internal medicine, and pediatrics where the quality of care could be improved. Methods: Working groups of NPA members in each of the 3 primary care specialties agreed that an ideal activity would be one that was common in primary care practice, that was strongly supported by the evidence, and that would lead to significant health benefits and reduce risks, harms, and costs. A modification of nominal group process was used to generate a preliminary list of activities. A first round of field testing was conducted with 83 primary care physicians, and a second round of field testing with an additional 172 physicians. Results: The first round of field testing resulted in 1 activity being deleted from the family medicine list. Support for the remaining activities was strong. The second round of field testing showed strong support for all activities. The family medicine and internal medicine groups independently selected 3 activities that were the same, so the final lists reflect 12 unique activities that could improve clinical care. Conclusions: Physician panels in the primary care specialties of family medicine, internal medicine, and pediatrics identified common clinical activities that could lead to higher quality care and better use of finite clinical resources. Field testing showed support among physicians for the evidence supporting the activities, the potential positive impact on medical care quality and cost, and the ease with which the activities could be performed. We recommend that these "Top 5" lists of activities be implemented in primary care practice across the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1385-1390
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume171
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

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Primary Health Care
Physicians
Internal Medicine
Medicine
Quality of Health Care
Hospital Distribution Systems
Pediatrics
Costs and Cost Analysis
Group Processes
Primary Care Physicians
Insurance Benefits
Health Care Costs
Professionalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Aguilar, I., Berger, Z., Casher, D., Choi, R. Y., Green, J. B., Harding, E. G., ... Wright, G. M. (2011). The "top 5" lists in primary care: Meeting the responsibility of professionalism. Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(15), 1385-1390. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2011.231

The "top 5" lists in primary care : Meeting the responsibility of professionalism. / Aguilar, Irene; Berger, Zackary; Casher, Danielle; Choi, Ricky Y.; Green, Jonas B.; Harding, Elizabeth G.; Jaeger, Jeffrey R.; Lavin, Arthur; Martin, Rebecca; Montgomery, Lynda G.; Morioka-Douglas, Nancy; Murphy, Judith A.; Oshman, Lauren; Picker, Bethany; Smith, Stephen R.; Venkatesh, Shubha; Williams, Mozella; Wright, Gwendolyn M.

In: Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 171, No. 15, 2011, p. 1385-1390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aguilar, I, Berger, Z, Casher, D, Choi, RY, Green, JB, Harding, EG, Jaeger, JR, Lavin, A, Martin, R, Montgomery, LG, Morioka-Douglas, N, Murphy, JA, Oshman, L, Picker, B, Smith, SR, Venkatesh, S, Williams, M & Wright, GM 2011, 'The "top 5" lists in primary care: Meeting the responsibility of professionalism', Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 171, no. 15, pp. 1385-1390. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2011.231
Aguilar, Irene ; Berger, Zackary ; Casher, Danielle ; Choi, Ricky Y. ; Green, Jonas B. ; Harding, Elizabeth G. ; Jaeger, Jeffrey R. ; Lavin, Arthur ; Martin, Rebecca ; Montgomery, Lynda G. ; Morioka-Douglas, Nancy ; Murphy, Judith A. ; Oshman, Lauren ; Picker, Bethany ; Smith, Stephen R. ; Venkatesh, Shubha ; Williams, Mozella ; Wright, Gwendolyn M. / The "top 5" lists in primary care : Meeting the responsibility of professionalism. In: Archives of Internal Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 171, No. 15. pp. 1385-1390.
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