The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009

Jason L. Forman, Francisco J. Lopez-Valdes, Sonia Duprey, Dipan Bose, Eduardo Del Pozo De Dios, Damien Subit, Tim Gillispie, Jeff R. Crandall, Maria Segui-Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Road traffic injuries account for 1.3 million deaths per year world-wide. Mitigating both fatalities and injuries requires a detailed understanding of the tolerance of the human body to external load. To identify research priorities, it is necessary to periodically compare trends in injury tolerance research to the characteristics of injuries occurring in the field. This study sought to perform a systematic review on the last twenty years of experimental injury tolerance research, and to evaluate those results relative to available epidemiologic data. Four hundred and eight experimental injury tolerance studies from 1990-2009 were identified from a reference index of over 68,000 papers. Examined variables included the body regions, ages, and genders studied; and the experimental models used. Most (20%) of the publications studied injury to the spine. There has also been a substantial volume of biomechanical research focused on upper and lower extremity injury, thoracic injury, and injury to the elderly - although these injury types still occur with regularity in the field. In contrast, information on pediatric injury and physiological injury (especially in the central nervous system) remains lacking. Given their frequency of injury in the field, future efforts should also include improving our understanding of tolerances and protection of vulnerable road users (e.g., motorcyclists, pedestrians).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Automobiles
Biomechanics
Human Body
Biomechanical Phenomena
motor vehicle
tolerance
Wounds and Injuries
Research
Pediatrics
road user
Neurology
road traffic
regularity
pedestrian
death
gender
trend
Body Regions
Thoracic Injuries
Publications

Keywords

  • Automobiles
  • Biomechanics
  • Injuries
  • Prevention
  • Surveillance
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Law
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009. / Forman, Jason L.; Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J.; Duprey, Sonia; Bose, Dipan; Del Pozo De Dios, Eduardo; Subit, Damien; Gillispie, Tim; Crandall, Jeff R.; Segui-Gomez, Maria.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 80, 01.07.2015, p. 7-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Duprey, S, Bose, D, Del Pozo De Dios, E, Subit, D, Gillispie, T, Crandall, JR & Segui-Gomez, M 2015, 'The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009', Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 80, pp. 7-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.004
Forman, Jason L. ; Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J. ; Duprey, Sonia ; Bose, Dipan ; Del Pozo De Dios, Eduardo ; Subit, Damien ; Gillispie, Tim ; Crandall, Jeff R. ; Segui-Gomez, Maria. / The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2015 ; Vol. 80. pp. 7-17.
@article{b50db382e2564f7c94c1a4fda9d32392,
title = "The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009",
abstract = "Road traffic injuries account for 1.3 million deaths per year world-wide. Mitigating both fatalities and injuries requires a detailed understanding of the tolerance of the human body to external load. To identify research priorities, it is necessary to periodically compare trends in injury tolerance research to the characteristics of injuries occurring in the field. This study sought to perform a systematic review on the last twenty years of experimental injury tolerance research, and to evaluate those results relative to available epidemiologic data. Four hundred and eight experimental injury tolerance studies from 1990-2009 were identified from a reference index of over 68,000 papers. Examined variables included the body regions, ages, and genders studied; and the experimental models used. Most (20{\%}) of the publications studied injury to the spine. There has also been a substantial volume of biomechanical research focused on upper and lower extremity injury, thoracic injury, and injury to the elderly - although these injury types still occur with regularity in the field. In contrast, information on pediatric injury and physiological injury (especially in the central nervous system) remains lacking. Given their frequency of injury in the field, future efforts should also include improving our understanding of tolerances and protection of vulnerable road users (e.g., motorcyclists, pedestrians).",
keywords = "Automobiles, Biomechanics, Injuries, Prevention, Surveillance, Trauma",
author = "Forman, {Jason L.} and Lopez-Valdes, {Francisco J.} and Sonia Duprey and Dipan Bose and {Del Pozo De Dios}, Eduardo and Damien Subit and Tim Gillispie and Crandall, {Jeff R.} and Maria Segui-Gomez",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "80",
pages = "7--17",
journal = "Accident Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "0001-4575",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - A systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990-2009

AU - Forman, Jason L.

AU - Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J.

AU - Duprey, Sonia

AU - Bose, Dipan

AU - Del Pozo De Dios, Eduardo

AU - Subit, Damien

AU - Gillispie, Tim

AU - Crandall, Jeff R.

AU - Segui-Gomez, Maria

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - Road traffic injuries account for 1.3 million deaths per year world-wide. Mitigating both fatalities and injuries requires a detailed understanding of the tolerance of the human body to external load. To identify research priorities, it is necessary to periodically compare trends in injury tolerance research to the characteristics of injuries occurring in the field. This study sought to perform a systematic review on the last twenty years of experimental injury tolerance research, and to evaluate those results relative to available epidemiologic data. Four hundred and eight experimental injury tolerance studies from 1990-2009 were identified from a reference index of over 68,000 papers. Examined variables included the body regions, ages, and genders studied; and the experimental models used. Most (20%) of the publications studied injury to the spine. There has also been a substantial volume of biomechanical research focused on upper and lower extremity injury, thoracic injury, and injury to the elderly - although these injury types still occur with regularity in the field. In contrast, information on pediatric injury and physiological injury (especially in the central nervous system) remains lacking. Given their frequency of injury in the field, future efforts should also include improving our understanding of tolerances and protection of vulnerable road users (e.g., motorcyclists, pedestrians).

AB - Road traffic injuries account for 1.3 million deaths per year world-wide. Mitigating both fatalities and injuries requires a detailed understanding of the tolerance of the human body to external load. To identify research priorities, it is necessary to periodically compare trends in injury tolerance research to the characteristics of injuries occurring in the field. This study sought to perform a systematic review on the last twenty years of experimental injury tolerance research, and to evaluate those results relative to available epidemiologic data. Four hundred and eight experimental injury tolerance studies from 1990-2009 were identified from a reference index of over 68,000 papers. Examined variables included the body regions, ages, and genders studied; and the experimental models used. Most (20%) of the publications studied injury to the spine. There has also been a substantial volume of biomechanical research focused on upper and lower extremity injury, thoracic injury, and injury to the elderly - although these injury types still occur with regularity in the field. In contrast, information on pediatric injury and physiological injury (especially in the central nervous system) remains lacking. Given their frequency of injury in the field, future efforts should also include improving our understanding of tolerances and protection of vulnerable road users (e.g., motorcyclists, pedestrians).

KW - Automobiles

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Injuries

KW - Prevention

KW - Surveillance

KW - Trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926196870&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926196870&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.004

DO - 10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 25846230

AN - SCOPUS:84926196870

VL - 80

SP - 7

EP - 17

JO - Accident Analysis and Prevention

JF - Accident Analysis and Prevention

SN - 0001-4575

ER -