The thrombopoietin receptor can mediate proliferation without activation of the Jak-STAT pathway

Marion Dorsch, Pang Dian Fan, Nika N. Danial, Paul B. Rothman, Stephen P. Goff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytokine receptors of the hematopoietic receptor superfamily lack intrinsic tyrosine kinase domains for the intracellular transmission of their signals. Instead all members of this family associate with Jak family nonreceptor tyrosine kinases. Upon ligand stimulation of the receptors, Jaks are activated to phosphorylate target substrates. These include STAT (signal transducers and activators of transcription) proteins, which after phosphorylation translocate to the nucleus and modulate gene expression. The exact role of the Jak-STAT pathway in conveying growth and differentiation signals remains unclear. Here we describe a deletion mutant of the thrombopoietin receptor (c-mpl) that has completely lost the capacity to activate Jaks and STATs but retains its ability to induce proliferation. This mutant still mediates TPO-induced phosphorylation of Shc, Vav, mitogen- activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Raf-1 as well as induction of c-los and c-myc, although at somewhat reduced levels. Furthermore, we show that both wildtype and mutant receptors activate phosphatidyliuositol (PI) 3-kinase upon thrombopoietin stimulation and that thrombopoietin-induced proliferation is inhibited in the presence of the PI 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. These results demonstrate that the Jak-STAT pathway is dispensable for the generation of mitogenic signals by a cytokine receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1947-1955
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume186
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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