TY - JOUR

T1 - The threshold age of the lifetable entropy

AU - Aburto, José Manuel

AU - Alvarez, Jesús Adrián

AU - Villavicencio, Francisco

AU - Vaupel, James W.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Aburto, Alvarez, Villavicencio & Vaupel.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - BACKGROUND Indicators of relative variation of lifespans are markers of inequality at the population level and of uncertainty at the time of death at the individual level. In particular, the lifetable entropy H represents the elasticity of life expectancy to a change in mortality. However, it is unknown how this measure changes over time and whether a threshold age exists, as it does for other lifespan variation indicators. RESULTS The time derivative of H can be decomposed into changes in life disparity ey and life expectancy at birth eo. Likewise, changes over time inH are a weighted average of agespecific rates of mortality improvements. These weights reflect the sensitivity ofH and show how mortality improvements can increase (or decrease) the relative inequality of lifespans. Further, we prove that in the assumption that mortality is reduced at all ages, H as well as ey, has a threshold age below which saving lives reduces entropy, whereas improvements above that age increase entropy. CONTRIBUTION We give a formal expression for changes of H over time and provide a formal proof of the existence of a unique threshold age that separates reductions and increases in lifespan variation as a result age-specific mortality improvements.

AB - BACKGROUND Indicators of relative variation of lifespans are markers of inequality at the population level and of uncertainty at the time of death at the individual level. In particular, the lifetable entropy H represents the elasticity of life expectancy to a change in mortality. However, it is unknown how this measure changes over time and whether a threshold age exists, as it does for other lifespan variation indicators. RESULTS The time derivative of H can be decomposed into changes in life disparity ey and life expectancy at birth eo. Likewise, changes over time inH are a weighted average of agespecific rates of mortality improvements. These weights reflect the sensitivity ofH and show how mortality improvements can increase (or decrease) the relative inequality of lifespans. Further, we prove that in the assumption that mortality is reduced at all ages, H as well as ey, has a threshold age below which saving lives reduces entropy, whereas improvements above that age increase entropy. CONTRIBUTION We give a formal expression for changes of H over time and provide a formal proof of the existence of a unique threshold age that separates reductions and increases in lifespan variation as a result age-specific mortality improvements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071376580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071376580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4054/DEMRES.2019.41.4

DO - 10.4054/DEMRES.2019.41.4

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85071376580

VL - 41

SP - 83

EP - 102

JO - Demographic Research

JF - Demographic Research

SN - 1435-9871

M1 - 4

ER -