The temporal relationship between anxiety disorders and urinary incontinence among community-dwelling adults

Hillary R. Bogner, Alison J. O'Donnell, Heather F. de Vries, Gina M. Northington, Jin Hui Joo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to carefully examine the temporal relationships between anxiety disorders and urinary incontinence among community-dwelling adults. Method: In all, 1071 persons aged 30 and over were the continuing participants in a population-based longitudinal study of community-dwelling adults. Participants were classified as incontinent if any uncontrolled urine loss within the 12 months prior to the interview was reported. Condition-specific functional loss secondary to urinary incontinence was further assessed based on a series of questions relating directly to participants' inability to engage in certain activities due to their urinary incontinence. Anxiety disorders were assessed with standardized interviews keyed to the diagnostic criteria. Results: In multivariate models that controlled for potentially influential characteristics the association between urinary incontinence with condition-specific functional loss and newly-incident anxiety disorders was statistically significant (adjusted relative odds (RO) = 2.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.05, 6.20]). Conclusions: Urinary incontinence with condition-specific functional loss predicted onset of newly-incident anxiety disorders among community-dwelling adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Anxiety
  • Functional impairment
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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