The Tat protein of HIV-1 induces tumor necrosis factor-α production. Implications for HIV-1-associated neurological diseases

Peiqin Chen, Michael Mayne, Christopher Power, Avindra Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may cause a dementing illness. HIV-mediated dementia is clinically and pathologically correlated with the infiltration of activated macrophages and elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, both of which occur in an environment of small numbers of infected cells. We examined the possibility that HIV protein Tat, which is released extracellularly from infected cells, may induce the production of TNF-α. Tat induced TNF-α mRNA and protein production dose- dependently, primarily in macrophages but also in astrocytic cells. The TNF- α induction was NF-κB-dependent and could be eliminated by inhibiting protein kinase A or protein tyrosine kinase activity. In addition, Tat- induced TNF-α release was also linked to phospholipase C activation. However, Tat effects were independent of protein kinase C. These observations suggest that Tat may provide an important link between HIV and macrophage/glial cell activation and suggest new therapeutic approaches for HIV dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22385-22388
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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