The "swing-ding"

A golf-related head injury in children: Clinical article

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Object. In recent years there has been an increased incidence of golf-associated head injuries in children and adolescents. At the authors' institution, they have identified a unique pattern of head injury associated with a swinging golf club. In this study, the authors highlight the mechanism of this injury and report their experience treating it. Methods. The authors reviewed the database of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Trauma Center and performed a retrospective analysis of golf injuries recorded over a 10-year period (January 2000-April 2010). They identified 13 children (9 boys and 4 girls) who sustained head injuries in golfing accidents. All patients were 10 years of age or younger. The medical charts were reviewed and follow-up interviews were conducted to better delineate the details of the injuries. Results. Injuries included 13 depressed skull fractures, 7 epidural hematomas, and 1 cerebral contusion. All 13 patients sustained their injuries after being struck in the head by a golf club. Seven sustained injuries on the followthrough of the initial swing and 3 sustained injuries on the backswing. All but one patient required neurosurgical intervention. Five patients developed neurological sequelae. None of the children had prior experience with golf equipment. All but one injury occurred in the child's own backyard. There was no direct supervision by an adult in any of the cases. Conclusions. Golfing can lead to serious head injuries in children. The authors noticed a unique pattern of golf-related head injuries, previously not described, that they have termed the "swing-ding." This golf club-inflicted injury occurs when a child stands too close to a swinging golfer and is struck in the head, subsequently sustaining a comminuted depressed skull fracture in the frontal or temporal region, with or without further intracranial injury. The study suggests that a lack of adult supervision, minimal previous golf experience, and proximity of the child to the swinging golfer are all implicated in this head injury pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Golf
Craniocerebral Trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Depressed Skull Fracture
Head
Trauma Centers
Temporal Lobe
Hematoma
Accidents
Databases
Interviews

Keywords

  • Golf
  • Head injury
  • Head trauma
  • Pediatric
  • Prevention
  • Swing-ding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The "swing-ding" : A golf-related head injury in children: Clinical article. / Wang, Arthur; Cohen, Alan; Robinson, Shenandoah.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 111-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1653c69b50974fe4890001be95469d38,
title = "The {"}swing-ding{"}: A golf-related head injury in children: Clinical article",
abstract = "Object. In recent years there has been an increased incidence of golf-associated head injuries in children and adolescents. At the authors' institution, they have identified a unique pattern of head injury associated with a swinging golf club. In this study, the authors highlight the mechanism of this injury and report their experience treating it. Methods. The authors reviewed the database of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Trauma Center and performed a retrospective analysis of golf injuries recorded over a 10-year period (January 2000-April 2010). They identified 13 children (9 boys and 4 girls) who sustained head injuries in golfing accidents. All patients were 10 years of age or younger. The medical charts were reviewed and follow-up interviews were conducted to better delineate the details of the injuries. Results. Injuries included 13 depressed skull fractures, 7 epidural hematomas, and 1 cerebral contusion. All 13 patients sustained their injuries after being struck in the head by a golf club. Seven sustained injuries on the followthrough of the initial swing and 3 sustained injuries on the backswing. All but one patient required neurosurgical intervention. Five patients developed neurological sequelae. None of the children had prior experience with golf equipment. All but one injury occurred in the child's own backyard. There was no direct supervision by an adult in any of the cases. Conclusions. Golfing can lead to serious head injuries in children. The authors noticed a unique pattern of golf-related head injuries, previously not described, that they have termed the {"}swing-ding.{"} This golf club-inflicted injury occurs when a child stands too close to a swinging golfer and is struck in the head, subsequently sustaining a comminuted depressed skull fracture in the frontal or temporal region, with or without further intracranial injury. The study suggests that a lack of adult supervision, minimal previous golf experience, and proximity of the child to the swinging golfer are all implicated in this head injury pattern.",
keywords = "Golf, Head injury, Head trauma, Pediatric, Prevention, Swing-ding",
author = "Arthur Wang and Alan Cohen and Shenandoah Robinson",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.3171/2010.10.PEDS10283",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "111--115",
journal = "Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics",
issn = "1933-0707",
publisher = "American Association of Neurological Surgeons",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The "swing-ding"

T2 - A golf-related head injury in children: Clinical article

AU - Wang, Arthur

AU - Cohen, Alan

AU - Robinson, Shenandoah

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - Object. In recent years there has been an increased incidence of golf-associated head injuries in children and adolescents. At the authors' institution, they have identified a unique pattern of head injury associated with a swinging golf club. In this study, the authors highlight the mechanism of this injury and report their experience treating it. Methods. The authors reviewed the database of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Trauma Center and performed a retrospective analysis of golf injuries recorded over a 10-year period (January 2000-April 2010). They identified 13 children (9 boys and 4 girls) who sustained head injuries in golfing accidents. All patients were 10 years of age or younger. The medical charts were reviewed and follow-up interviews were conducted to better delineate the details of the injuries. Results. Injuries included 13 depressed skull fractures, 7 epidural hematomas, and 1 cerebral contusion. All 13 patients sustained their injuries after being struck in the head by a golf club. Seven sustained injuries on the followthrough of the initial swing and 3 sustained injuries on the backswing. All but one patient required neurosurgical intervention. Five patients developed neurological sequelae. None of the children had prior experience with golf equipment. All but one injury occurred in the child's own backyard. There was no direct supervision by an adult in any of the cases. Conclusions. Golfing can lead to serious head injuries in children. The authors noticed a unique pattern of golf-related head injuries, previously not described, that they have termed the "swing-ding." This golf club-inflicted injury occurs when a child stands too close to a swinging golfer and is struck in the head, subsequently sustaining a comminuted depressed skull fracture in the frontal or temporal region, with or without further intracranial injury. The study suggests that a lack of adult supervision, minimal previous golf experience, and proximity of the child to the swinging golfer are all implicated in this head injury pattern.

AB - Object. In recent years there has been an increased incidence of golf-associated head injuries in children and adolescents. At the authors' institution, they have identified a unique pattern of head injury associated with a swinging golf club. In this study, the authors highlight the mechanism of this injury and report their experience treating it. Methods. The authors reviewed the database of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Trauma Center and performed a retrospective analysis of golf injuries recorded over a 10-year period (January 2000-April 2010). They identified 13 children (9 boys and 4 girls) who sustained head injuries in golfing accidents. All patients were 10 years of age or younger. The medical charts were reviewed and follow-up interviews were conducted to better delineate the details of the injuries. Results. Injuries included 13 depressed skull fractures, 7 epidural hematomas, and 1 cerebral contusion. All 13 patients sustained their injuries after being struck in the head by a golf club. Seven sustained injuries on the followthrough of the initial swing and 3 sustained injuries on the backswing. All but one patient required neurosurgical intervention. Five patients developed neurological sequelae. None of the children had prior experience with golf equipment. All but one injury occurred in the child's own backyard. There was no direct supervision by an adult in any of the cases. Conclusions. Golfing can lead to serious head injuries in children. The authors noticed a unique pattern of golf-related head injuries, previously not described, that they have termed the "swing-ding." This golf club-inflicted injury occurs when a child stands too close to a swinging golfer and is struck in the head, subsequently sustaining a comminuted depressed skull fracture in the frontal or temporal region, with or without further intracranial injury. The study suggests that a lack of adult supervision, minimal previous golf experience, and proximity of the child to the swinging golfer are all implicated in this head injury pattern.

KW - Golf

KW - Head injury

KW - Head trauma

KW - Pediatric

KW - Prevention

KW - Swing-ding

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79251557497&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79251557497&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3171/2010.10.PEDS10283

DO - 10.3171/2010.10.PEDS10283

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 111

EP - 115

JO - Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics

JF - Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics

SN - 1933-0707

IS - 1

ER -