The study of gemcitabine in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents as an effective treatment for prostate cancer

Heather J. Muenchen, Martha M. Quigley, Mary Josephine P. Pilat, Jeffrey E. Lehr, Susan K. Brumfield, Michael Mahoney, Kenneth J. Pienta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Gemcitabine has demonstrated clinical activity against several common cancers. Our studies examine the ability of gemcitabine, both alone and in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents, to inhibit the in vitro and in vivo growth of several prostate cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: Cultures of LNCaP, PC-3 or MLL cells were exposed to either gemcitabine or other appropriate agents for specified amounts of time. Cells were lysed and nuclei counted utilizing a Coulter Counter. For in vivo experiments, animals were injected with 1 x 105 MLL cells subcutaneously into the right flank. Animals were treated as indicated for 14 days. Tumors were then excised, weighed and measured. Results: In both human (PC-3 and LNCaP) and rat prostate (MLL) cancer cell lines our studies demonstrated gemcitabine had a strong effect in vitro, with an IC50 of approximately 500 nM in the human lines and 10 nM in MLL cells. In vivo, studies using the Dunning prostate cancer model in Copenhagen rats resulted in a dose response inhibition of tumor growth, with an 80% decrease in tumor size in rats treated with gemcitabine at 10 mg/kg. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated the potent activity of gemcitabine against prostate cancer in the Dunning rat model and suggest the addition of paclitaxel may not aid in this activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)735-740
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume20
Issue number2 A
StatePublished - May 16 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Combination chemotherapy
  • Dunning rat model
  • Gemcitabine
  • Paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Muenchen, H. J., Quigley, M. M., Pilat, M. J. P., Lehr, J. E., Brumfield, S. K., Mahoney, M., & Pienta, K. J. (2000). The study of gemcitabine in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents as an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Anticancer Research, 20(2 A), 735-740.