The study of cardiovascular risk in adolescents - ERICA: Rationale, design and sample characteristics of a national survey examining cardiovascular risk factor profile in Brazilian adolescents

Katia Vergetti Bloch, Moyses Szklo, Maria Cristina C. Kuschnir, Gabriela De Azevedo Abreu, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Carlos Henrique Klein, Maurício T.L. De Vasconcelos, Glória Valéria Da Veiga, Valeska C. Figueiredo, Adriano Dias, Ana Julia Pantoja Moraes, Ana Luiza Lima Souza, Ana Mayra Andrade De Oliveira, Beatriz D.Argord Schaan, Bruno Mendes Tavares, Cecília Lacroix De Oliveira, Cristiane De Freitas Cunha, Denise Tavares Giannini, Dilson Rodrigues Belfort, Dulce Lopes Barboza RibasEduardo Lima Santos, Elisa Brosina De Leon, Elizabeth Fujimori, Elizabete Regina Araújo Oliveira, Erika Da Silva Magliano, Francisco De Assis Guedes Vasconcelos, George Dantas Azevedo, Gisela Soares Brunken, Glauber Monteiro Dias, Heleno R.Correa Filho, Maria Inês Monteiro, Isabel Cristina Britto Guimarães, José Rocha Faria Neto, Juliana Souza Oliveira, Kenia Mara B. De Carvalho, Luis Gonzaga De Oliveira Gonçalves, Marize M. Santos, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Paulo César B. Veiga Jardim, Pedro Antônio Muniz Ferreira, Renan Magalhães Montenegro, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel, Rodrigo Pinheiro Vianna, Sandra Mary Vasconcelos, Sandro Silva Da Matta, Stella Maris Seixas Martins, Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg, Thiago Luiz Nogueira Da Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym, "ERICA") is a multicenter, school-based country-wide cross-sectional study funded by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which aims at estimating the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including those included in the definition of the metabolic syndrome, in a random sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in Brazilian cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Approximately 85,000 students were assessed in public and private schools. Brazil is a continental country with a heterogeneous population of 190 million living in its five main geographic regions (North, Northeast, Midwest, South and Southeast). ERICA is a pioneering study that will assess the prevalence rates of cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents using a sample with national and regional representativeness. This paper describes the rationale, design and procedures of ERICA. Methods/Design: Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire using an electronic device, in order to obtain information on demographic and lifestyle characteristics, including physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake, sleeping hours, common mental disorders and reproductive and oral health. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. Anthropometric measures (weight, height and waist circumference) and blood pressure were also be measured. Blood was collected from a subsample of approximately 44,000 adolescents for measurements of fasting glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glycated hemoglobin and fasting insulin. Discussion: The study findings will be instrumental to the development of public policies aiming at the prevention of obesity, atherosclerotic diseases and diabetes in an adolescent population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalBMC public health
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Metabolic syndrome X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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