Regulation of cellular levels of ADP-ribose is important in preventing nonenzymatic ADP-ribosylation of proteins. The Escherichia coli ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase, a Nudix enzyme, catalyzes the hydrolysis of ADP-ribose to ribose-5-P and AMP, compounds that can be recycled as part of nucleotide metabolism. The structures of the apo enzyme, the active enzyme and the complex with ADP-ribose were determined to 1.9Å, 2.7Å and 2.3Å, respectively. The structures reveal a symmetric homodimer with two equivalent catalytic sites, each formed by residues of both monomers, requiring dimerization through domain swapping for substrate recognition and catalytic activity. The structures also suggest a role for the residues conserved in each Nudix subfamily. The Nudix motif residues, folded as a loop-helix-loop tailored for pyrophosphate hydrolysis, compose the catalytic center residues conferring substrate specificity occur in regions of the sequence removed from the Nudix motif. This segregation of catalytic and recognition roles provides versatility to the Nudix family.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology