The sequence and expression of the divergent beta-tubulin in chicken erythrocytes.

D. B. Murphy, K. T. Wallis, P. S. Machlin, H. Ratrie, D. W. Cleveland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report here the complete sequence of a highly divergent chicken erythrocyte beta-tubulin, c beta 6, which appears to represent a major exception to the observation that the primary sequences and sites of expression of beta-tubulin isotypes are conserved within vertebrates. The amino acid sequence was deduced from overlapping cloned cDNAs identified in a chicken erythroblast cDNA library contained in the expression vector, lambda gt11. Compared with other chicken beta-tubulins, among which the maximum sequence divergence is only 8%, c beta 6-tubulin is more hydrophobic, contains seven fewer net negative charges, and exhibits a surprising 17% overall divergence in its amino acid sequence. DNA and RNA blot analyses show that c beta 6-tubulin is present as a single gene copy in the chicken genome and is specifically expressed in the bone marrow. Comparisons of RNA blots and immunoblots of various cells and tissues confirm that this beta-tubulin isotype is contained specifically in erythrocytes and thrombocytes and accounts for 75% of the beta-tubulin mRNA species contained in developing erythroblasts. Interestingly, c beta 6-tubulin exhibits 18% amino acid sequence divergence relative to MB1, the analogous hematopoietic beta-tubulin contained in mouse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14305-14312
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number29
StatePublished - Oct 15 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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