The safety and efficacy of pediatric lingual tonsillectomy

M. A. DeMarcantonio, E. Senser, J. Meinzen-Derr, N. Roetting, S. Shott, S. L. Ishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Lingual tonsillar hypertrophy is recognized as a cause of persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy in children. However, little has been reported regarding the complications, postoperative course and effectiveness of lingual tonsillectomy (LT). Our objective was to review the safety and effectiveness of LT in children. Methods Retrospective review of children undergoing LT from January 2009 to December 2015 at a tertiary children's hospital. Complications, postoperative course and polysomnographic (PSG) outcomes were recorded for all patients. Results We identified 92 children (mean age = 8.6 years, 50% female) who underwent LT; 43.5% had a syndromic diagnosis. The most common complications were emergency department presentation for bleeding (4.4%) and poor oral intake (3.3%). The readmission rate was 4.4% including 2 children (2.2%) who required operative control of hemorrhage. No children required unplanned reintubation or ICU admission. In children with PSG data (n = 18), the median apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) decreased from 8.5 to 3.8 events/hour (p = 0.022) and the median obstructive AHI (oAHI) decreased from 8.3 to 3.1 events/hour (p = 0.021). In addition, the oxygen saturation nadir increased from 83.8% to 89.0% (p = 0.0007). After surgery the percentage of patients with oAHI<5 events/hour increased from 27.8% to 61.1% (p = 0.08). Conclusions Readmission and bleeding rates after lingual tonsillectomy in children were similar to that seen with tonsillectomy. Polysomnographic data showed that lingual tonsillectomy resulted in a significant reduction of both AHI and oAHI with a postoperative oAHI <5 achieved in 61% of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-10
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Efficacy
  • Lingual tonsillectomy
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Outcomes
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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  • Cite this

    DeMarcantonio, M. A., Senser, E., Meinzen-Derr, J., Roetting, N., Shott, S., & Ishman, S. L. (2016). The safety and efficacy of pediatric lingual tonsillectomy. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 91, 6-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.09.037