The Ross, Konno, and Ross-Konno operations for congenital left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities

Constantine Mavroudis, Constantine D. Mavroudis, Jeffrey P. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Operations for left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities are centred on hemodynamic conditions that relate to subvalvar stenosis, valvar stenosis/regurgitation, aortic annular hypoplasia, and supravalvar aortic stenosis. Operative interventions over the years have evolved because the intervening outcomes proved to be unsatisfactory. The resection for subvalvar aortic stenosis has progressed from a fibrous membrane resection to a more extensive fibromuscular resection. Operative solutions for valvar aortic stenosis and regurgitation have resulted in operative interventions that depend on simple commissurotomy, leaflet extensions, prosthetic mechanical valve replacement, biologic valve replacement, including the pulmonary autograft, and operations to treat aortic annular stenosis. Although there are enthusiastic proponents for all of these strategies, the fact remains that none have proven to be curative; patients can expect to undergo further procedures during their lifetimes. The short- and mid-term solutions to these left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities have improved based on operations that have been attended by increasing operative complexity. The purpose of this review is to chronicle the operative steps of the Ross operation, the Konno-Rastan operation, the modified Konno operation, the Ross-Konno operation, and the modified Ross-Konno operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1121-1133
Number of pages13
JournalCardiology in the young
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 29 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • CHD
  • aortic annular hypoplasia
  • left ventricular outflow tract
  • subvalvar stenosis
  • supravalvar aortic stenosis
  • valvar stenosis/regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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