The roles of occipitotemporal cortex in reading, spelling, and naming

Rajani Sebastian, Yessenia Gomez, Richard Leigh, Cameron Davis, Melissa Newhart, Argye E. Hillis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluated the hypothesis that Brodmann's area (BA) 37 within left occipitotemporal cortex has at least two important functions in lexical processing. One role is the computation of case-, font-, location-, and orientation-independent grapheme descriptions for written word recognition and production (reading and spelling). This role may depend on the medial part of BA 37, in left midfusiform gyrus. The second role is in accessing modality-independent lexical representations for output, for naming and for reading and spelling of irregular or exception words. This role may depend on the lateral part of BA 37 in inferior temporal cortex. We tested these hypotheses in 234 participants with acute left hemisphere ischaemic stroke who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and language testing within 48 hours of onset of stroke symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-528
Number of pages18
JournalCognitive Neuropsychology
Volume31
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Reading
Stroke
Temporal Lobe
Language
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Occipito-temporal Cortex
Naming
Spelling
Grapheme
Word Production
Lexical Processing
Modality
Lexical Representation
Font
Irregular
Language Testing
Word Recognition
Left Hemisphere
Cortex
Onset

Keywords

  • Acute ischaemic stroke
  • Aphasia
  • Lesion studies
  • Naming
  • Reading
  • Spelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The roles of occipitotemporal cortex in reading, spelling, and naming. / Sebastian, Rajani; Gomez, Yessenia; Leigh, Richard; Davis, Cameron; Newhart, Melissa; Hillis, Argye E.

In: Cognitive Neuropsychology, Vol. 31, No. 5-6, 2014, p. 511-528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sebastian, Rajani ; Gomez, Yessenia ; Leigh, Richard ; Davis, Cameron ; Newhart, Melissa ; Hillis, Argye E. / The roles of occipitotemporal cortex in reading, spelling, and naming. In: Cognitive Neuropsychology. 2014 ; Vol. 31, No. 5-6. pp. 511-528.
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