The Role of the Brain-Gut-Microbiome in Mental Health and Mental Disorders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Better tools for studying the gut and microbiome have improved our understanding of the ways in which the gut microbiota affect brain function (through direct release of humoral messengers, through the actions on the gut and the enteric nervous system, and through the immune system). The microbiome is also affected by the brain, the immune system, and the enteric nervous system and the gut. One can consider the immune system, the brain, the enteric nervous system, and the microbiota as four control arms of behavior in a superorganism made up of both the animal cells and the microbial colony. Animal models and increasingly human studies suggest a role for the microbiome in several human diseases. Mood disorders, autism, and schizophrenia all have possible relationships with the microbiome. This chapter reviews some of the current examples of the complex interaction between microorganisms and animal host behavior and pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Subtitle of host publicationImplications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Dysbiosis
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages389-397
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128040621
ISBN (Print)9780128040249
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Behavior
  • Depression
  • Gut-brain axis
  • Inflammation
  • Microbiota
  • Schizophrenia
  • Stress
  • Superorganism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Treisman, G. J. (2017). The Role of the Brain-Gut-Microbiome in Mental Health and Mental Disorders. In The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Dysbiosis (pp. 389-397). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-804024-9.00042-2