The role of screening sinus computed tomography in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients

Carlos A. Zamora, Avi G. Oppenheimer, Hema Dave, Heather Symons, Thierry A.G.M. Huisman, Izlem Izbudak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate pretransplant sinus computed tomography (CT) as predictor of post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant sinusitis. Methods: We evaluated pretransplant and posttransplant CT findings in 100 children using the Lund-Mackay system and "common-practice" radiology reporting and correlated these with the presence of acute sinusitis. Results: Fourteen percent of patients with normal screening CT developed posttransplant sinusitis, comparedwith 23%with radiographic abnormalities and 22% with clinical sinusitis alone, not statistically significant. Sensitivity of CT findings for clinical sinusitis ranged between 19% and 56%. Except for mucosal thickening (71% specificity), other findings had high specificity between 92% and 97%, particularly when combined. Lund-Mackay score change of 10 or greater from baseline was associated with a 2.8-fold increased likelihood of having sinusitis (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Screening CT can serve as a baseline, with a Lund- Mackay score change of 10 or greater constituting a significant threshold. The strongest correlation with the presence of acute sinusitis was seen with combined CT findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-231
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2015

Keywords

  • hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • multidetector computed tomography
  • sinusitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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