The Role of Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Adolescent Substance Use Disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Adolescent substance use disorders (SUDs) are a significant public health issue due to the associated morbidity, mortality, and societal cost. While effective for some adolescents, psychosocial interventions generally produce small-to-moderate reductions in substance use. Most youth relapse within 12 months of treatment. One approach to improve outcomes is through adjunctive pharmacotherapy. Medication assisted treatments have been shown to improve adult SUD treatment outcomes, and preliminary studies in adolescents suggest that combining medication with psychosocial interventions may also enhance SUD outcomes for youth. This article presents a comprehensive review and grading of the evidence from studies conducted in adolescents with SUDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-711
Number of pages27
JournalChild and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Adolescence
  • Development
  • Medication
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Substance use disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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