The role of landscape composition and configuration on Pteropus giganteus roosting ecology and Nipah virus spillover risk in Bangladesh

Micah B. Hahn, Jonathan A. Patz, Emily Gurley, Jonathan H. Epstein, Peter Daszak, Mohammad S. Islam, Stephen P. Luby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nipah virus has caused recurring outbreaks in central and northwest Bangladesh (the "Nipah Belt"). Little is known about roosting behavior of the fruit bat reservoir, Pteropus giganteus, or factors driving spillover. We compared human population density and ecological characteristics of case villages and control villages (no reported outbreaks) to understand their role in P. giganteus roosting ecology and Nipah virus spillover risk. Nipah Belt villages have a higher human population density (P < 0.0001), and forests that are more fragmented than elsewhere in Bangladesh (0.50 versus 0.32 patches/km2, P < 0.0001). The number of roosts in a village correlates with forest fragmentation (r = 0.22, P = 0.03). Villages with a roost containing Polyalthia longifolia or Bombax ceiba trees were more likely case villages (odds ratio [OR] = 10.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.3-90.6). This study suggests that, in addition to human population density, composition and structure of the landscape shared by P. giganteus and humans may influence the geographic distribution of Nipah virus spillovers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-255
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Nipah Virus
Bangladesh
Ecology
Population Density
Bombax
Disease Outbreaks
Polyalthia
Fruit
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

The role of landscape composition and configuration on Pteropus giganteus roosting ecology and Nipah virus spillover risk in Bangladesh. / Hahn, Micah B.; Patz, Jonathan A.; Gurley, Emily; Epstein, Jonathan H.; Daszak, Peter; Islam, Mohammad S.; Luby, Stephen P.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 90, No. 2, 01.02.2014, p. 247-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hahn, Micah B. ; Patz, Jonathan A. ; Gurley, Emily ; Epstein, Jonathan H. ; Daszak, Peter ; Islam, Mohammad S. ; Luby, Stephen P. / The role of landscape composition and configuration on Pteropus giganteus roosting ecology and Nipah virus spillover risk in Bangladesh. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2014 ; Vol. 90, No. 2. pp. 247-255.
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