The Role of Diet in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review

Rajdeep Singh, Ahmed Salem, Julie Nanavati, Gerard Mullin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifaceted illness involving maladaptive shifts in the gut microbiota that affect the enteric nervous and immune systems, mucosal barrier function, the balance of neurotransmitters and hormones, and emotional well-being. There is abundant evidence indicating that certain foods elicit symptoms in IBS. Numerous elimination-type diets have been shown to alleviate symptoms. However, among these, the most controversial is a group of foods called fructo, oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs). This paper reviews the role of diet and systematically analyze the literature for the role of FODMAPs in IBS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Diet
Enteric Nervous System
Food
Neurotransmitter Agents
Immune System
Hormones
polyol

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Elimination diets
  • Fiber
  • FODMAPs
  • Food sensitivities
  • Gluten
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

The Role of Diet in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome : A Systematic Review. / Singh, Rajdeep; Salem, Ahmed; Nanavati, Julie; Mullin, Gerard.

In: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, Vol. 47, No. 1, 01.03.2018, p. 1-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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