"a viagem de volta": o reconhecimento de indígenas no sul do Brasil como um evento crítico

Translated title of the contribution: "The return journey": The ethnic recognition of indigenous people in southern Brazil as a critical event

Ceres Víctora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article focuses on the ethnic recognition of indigenous groups by the State in Brazil and suggests that this may be thought of as a critical event in the sense that it promotes changes in perceptions, actions and relations between different actors involved in the processes of territorialization, in addition to allowing the construction of memories that weave specific discourses and narratives. Drawing on an ethnographic study carried out among the Charrua Community of the Polidoro Village in Porto Alegre (Brazil)., the first part of this paper is an introduction to the historiography of the Charrua Indians of Uruguay that highlights the group's genocide. To that I compare to the indigenous people's narratives that take on the perspective of survival, a condition of possibility for their recognition as indigenous in the present. After that, I introduce situations that I find revealing of their contentious relationship with some State agents who are faced with the political agenda and agency of this "new" indigenous people. Finally, I suggest that, in part, these conflicts are related to different ways of experiencing time. On the one hand, for the indigenous people, the narrative that gives them possibility to recognize themselves and be recognized as such implies the embodiment of an interpenetrated past and present time. Therefore, for those who record time since a distant past, the wait for the granting of their Constitutional rights by State agents seems always too long. On the other hand, for the public agents, State recognition happens at a specific point in the present, from which they start a slow and gradual processes of recognition of the indigenous people's situation, within the "time of the bureaucracy", in which they are immersed in their everyday.

Translated title of the contribution"The return journey": The ethnic recognition of indigenous people in southern Brazil as a critical event
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)299-309
Number of pages11
JournalSociedade e Cultura
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Construction of narratives
  • Critical event
  • Ethnic recognition
  • Indigenous peoples
  • Time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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