The Respecting the Circle of Life trial for American Indian adolescents: Rationale, design, methods, and baseline characteristics

Lauren Tingey, Britta Mullany, Rachel Chambers, Ranelda Hastings, Allison Barlow, Anne Rompalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper describes the rationale, design, methods, and baseline results of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of an adapted evidence-based intervention (EBI), "Respecting the Circle of Life" (RCL) to reduce behavioral risks for HIV/AIDS among American Indian (AI) adolescents. A participatory approach shaped intervention adaptation and study design. A total of 267 participants (aged 13-19) were randomized by peer groups of the same sex to receive the RCL intervention or a control condition. Self-report assessments were administered at four intervals. The sample was predominately female (57%), had low HIV knowledge prevention scores, early sexual initiation (mean 14.6 years), and 56% reported intention to use a condom at next sex. Baseline characteristics were evenly distributed between groups with the exception of age and extrinsic reward scores. This is the first rigorous evaluation of an adapted EBI for HIV/AIDS prevention among AI adolescents, an at-risk and understudied population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

Keywords

  • American Indian
  • HIV/AIDS
  • adolescents
  • evidence-based intervention
  • paraprofessional interventionists
  • randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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