Prostate needle biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer on needle biopsy can be evaluated by numerous techniques of quantifying tumour extent, Gleason score, and the presence of perineural invasion (PNI). These modalities can help clinicians in assessing the risk of extraprostatic disease, progression likelihood, and in helping men with prostate cancer choose among therapeutic options. This review details the information that should be included in the routine pathology report. Recent advances in molecular biology of prostate carcinogenesis have identified many molecular markers for prostate cancer. While several are extremely promising as diagnostic immunohistochemical markers, other prognostic markers are not yet ready to be used in routine practice until they are validated by large prospective studies.
- Prostate biopsy
- Prostate cancer
- Tumour markers
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine