The reliability of cerebellar brain inhibition

Ronan A. Mooney, Agostina Casamento-Moran, Pablo A. Celnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Connectivity between the cerebellum and primary motor cortex (M1) can be assessed by using transcranial magnetic stimulation to measure cerebellar brain inhibition (CBI). The aim of the present study was to determine the intra- and inter-day measurment error and relative reliability of CBI. The former informs the degree to which repeated measurements vary, whereas the latter informs how well the measure can distinguish individuals from one another within a sample. Methods: We obtained CBI data from 83 healthy young participants (n = 55 retrospective). Intra-day measurements were separated by ~ 30 min. Inter-day measurmenets were separated by a minimum of 24 h. Results: We show that CBI has low measurement error (~15%) within and between sessions. Using the measurment error, we demonstrate that change estimates which exceed measurment noise are large at an individual level, but can be detected with modest sample sizes. Finally, we demonstrate that the CBI measurement has fair to good relative reliability in healthy individuals, which may be deflated by low sample heterogeneity. Conclusions: CBI has low measurement error supporting its use for tracking intra- and inter-day changes in cerebellar-M1 connectivity. Significance: Our findings provide clear reliability guidelines for future studies assessing modulation of cerebellar-M1 connectivity with intervention or disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2365-2370
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Cerebellar brain inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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