The relevance and use of mouse embryo bioassays for quality control in an assisted reproductive technology program

L. F. Scott, S. G. Sundaram, S. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To define both the limits of a mouse embryo bioassay for quality control in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) program and the areas where it can be effectively used. Design: Embryos at the pronuclear and two-cell stage from three different strains of mice were used to assess the effectiveness of this assay for media quality control using five different media routinely used in ART. Pronuclear and two-cell embryos from CD-1 mice were used to test the ability of a mouse embryo bioassay to control for water quality, contaminants in the culture system, and fluctuations in the environmental conditions using a medium, culture system, and scoring technique that were optimized for this strain. Results: The mouse embryo bioassay is not effective in differentiating media appropriate for supporting human embryo development since the development of mouse embryos in vitro is strain, stage, and media related. However, CD-1 embryos were shown to be sensitive to variations in water quality, pH, temperature, incubator conditions, and contaminants in the system when grown in a protein-free medium optimized for their development. Both total blastocyst number and the cell count in the blastocysts were affected. Pronuclear embryos were more sensitive to perturbations in the culture system than two-cell embryos. Conclusions: A mouse embryo bioassay can be effectively used as a means of quality control of water, chemicals, and contact materials and for technique standardization and training in an assisted reproduction program. All the conditions of the test should be defined, pronuclear embryos should be used, and the end point should be fully expanded blastocysts and/or cell numbers in these blastocysts where appropriate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-568
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mouse embryo bioassay
  • effectiveness
  • quality control
  • relevance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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