The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of baseline body mass index (BMI) and serum testosterone level with prostate cancer outcomes in men with castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer (CRPC). BMI and testosterone levels were evaluated for their ability to predict overall survival (OS) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) declines in the TAX327 clinical trial, an international phase III randomized trial of one of the two schedules of docetaxel and prednisone compared with mitoxantrone and prednisone. In this study of 1006 men with CRPC, the median serum testosterone level was 14.5ng per 100ml (range 0-270), the median BMI was 27kgm-2 (range 15.7-46.5), and 26% of men were obese or morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 30). Obesity was associated with younger age, lower PSA and alkaline phosphatase levels, and higher performance status, primary Gleason sum, testosterone and hemoglobin compared to absence of obesity. In multivariate analysis, neither BMI, presence of obesity, nor baseline testosterone was significantly associated with OS or PSA declines. Higher testosterone levels among obese men suggest incomplete gonadal suppression with current therapies, but these differences may not be clinically relevant in men with CRPC. There was evidence of potential hemodilution of PSA and alkaline phosphatase levels in obese men.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research