The Relationship Between Urine Uromodulin and Blood Pressure Changes: The DASH-Sodium Trial

Christine Y. Bakhoum, Cheryl A.M. Anderson, Stephen P. Juraschek, Casey M. Rebholz, Lawrence J. Appel, Edgar R. Miller, Chirag R. Parikh, Wassim Obeid, Dena E. Rifkin, Joachim H. Ix, Pranav S. Garimella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Uromodulin modulates the sodium-potassium-two-chloride transporter in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle, and its overexpression in murine models leads to salt-induced hypertension. We hypothesized that individuals with higher baseline levels of urine uromodulin would have a greater increase in systolic blood pressure (SBP) for the same increase in sodium compared with those with lower uromodulin levels. METHODS: We used data from 157 subjects randomized to the control diet of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-Sodium trial who were assigned to 30 days of low (1,500 mg/d), medium (2,400 mg/d), and high salt (3,300 mg/d) diets in random order. Blood pressure was measured prerandomization and then weekly during each feeding period. We evaluated the association of prerandomization urine uromodulin with change in SBP between diets, as measured at the end of each feeding period, using multivariable linear regression. RESULTS: Baseline urine uromodulin stratified by tertiles was ≤17.64, 17.65-31.97, and ≥31.98 µg/ml. Across the tertiles, there were no significant differences in SBP at baseline, nor was there a differential effect of sodium diet on SBP across tertiles (low to high, P = 0.81). After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and race, uromodulin levels were not significantly associated with SBP change from low to high sodium diet (P = 0.42). CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized trial of different levels of salt intake, higher urine uromodulin levels were not associated with a greater increase in blood pressure in response to high salt intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-156
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2021

Keywords

  • DASH
  • blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • salt sensitivity
  • sodium
  • uromodulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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