The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors

The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults

Renato Quispe, Catherine P. Benziger, Juan Carlos Bazo-Alvarez, Laura D. Howe, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, J. Jaime Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Variations in the distribution of cardiovascular disease and risk factors by socioeconomic status (SES) have been described in affluent societies, yet a better understanding of these patterns is needed for most low- and middle-income countries. Objective This study sought to describe the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and SES using monthly family income, educational attainment, and assets index, in 4 Peruvian sites. Methods Baseline data from an age- and sex-stratified random sample of participants, ages ≥35 years, from 4 Peruvian sites (CRONICAS Cohort Study, 2010) were used. The SES indicators considered were monthly family income (n = 3,220), educational attainment (n = 3,598), and assets index (n = 3,601). Behavioral risk factors included current tobacco use, alcohol drinking, physical activity, daily intake of fruits and vegetables, and no control of salt intake. Cardiometabolic risk factors included obesity, elevated waist circumference, hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high triglyceride levels. Results In the overall population, 41.6% reported a monthly family income

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalGlobal Heart
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

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Social Class
Cohort Studies
Tobacco Use
Waist Circumference
Alcohol Drinking
Vegetables
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Insulin Resistance
Fruit
Diabetes Mellitus
Triglycerides
Cardiovascular Diseases
Obesity
Salts
Exercise
Hypertension
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Epidemiology
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors : The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults. / Quispe, Renato; Benziger, Catherine P.; Bazo-Alvarez, Juan Carlos; Howe, Laura D.; Checkley, William; Gilman, Robert H; Smeeth, Liam; Bernabé-Ortiz, Antonio; Miranda, J. Jaime.

In: Global Heart, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.03.2016, p. 121-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Quispe, R, Benziger, CP, Bazo-Alvarez, JC, Howe, LD, Checkley, W, Gilman, RH, Smeeth, L, Bernabé-Ortiz, A & Miranda, JJ 2016, 'The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors: The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults', Global Heart, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 121-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2015.12.005
Quispe, Renato ; Benziger, Catherine P. ; Bazo-Alvarez, Juan Carlos ; Howe, Laura D. ; Checkley, William ; Gilman, Robert H ; Smeeth, Liam ; Bernabé-Ortiz, Antonio ; Miranda, J. Jaime. / The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors : The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults. In: Global Heart. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 121-130.
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