The relationship between short-term mortality and quality of care for hip fracture: A meta-analysis of clinical pathways for hip fracture

Mark D. Neuman, Sylvia Archan, Jason H. Karlawish, J. Sanford Schwartz, Lee A. Fleisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the association between use of clinical pathways for hip fracture and changes in the rates of five inpatient complications and short-term mortality. Design: Meta-analysis of published studies examining clinical pathways for hip fracture, identified through systematic searches of electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and hand searches of selected article bibliographies. SETTING: Observational and interventional studies of clinical pathways for hip fracture examining rates of deep venous thrombosis, pressure ulcer, surgical site infection, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, and inpatient or 30-day mortality. Participants: Two reviewers. Measurements: Reviewers independently assessed eligibility and quality of studies and extracted data for outcomes of interest. RESULTS: Meta-analysis of nine studies (4,637 patients) demonstrated lower odds of deep venous thrombosis (odds ratio (OR)=0.33, 95% CI=0.14-0.75), pressure ulcer (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.30-0.75), surgical site infection (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.25-0.89), and urinary tract infection (OR=0.71, 95% CI=0.52-0.98) in patients managed according to clinical pathways than in those receiving usual care. Statistically significant differences were not observed in the odds of pneumonia (OR=1.01, 95% CI=0.67-1.53) or in a combined outcome of in-hospital or 30-day mortality (OR=0.86, 95% CI=0.66-1.13). Conclusion: An association was observed between clinical pathway use and lower odds of four common complications of hospitalization after hip fracture; only a small, statistically insignificant association was observed between pathway use and changes in short-term mortality, suggesting that assessments of hospital quality based on short-term mortality may not reflect important improvements in patient outcomes that hospitals may achieve using clinical pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2046-2054
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume57
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Clinical pathways
  • Hip fracture
  • Quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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