The relationship between previous driving record and driver culpability in fatal, multiple-vehicle collisions

William W. Banks, John W. Shaffer, William C. Masemore, Russell S. Fisher, Chester W. Schmidt, Howard I. Zlotowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In an effort to shed light on the relationship between past driving record and driver culpability in fatal, multiple vehicle collisions, the past driving records of 41 pairs of legally-culpable and legally-innocent male drivers-each pair involved in the same fatal accident-were compared for number of past moving violation convictions. As hypothesized, the legally-culpable drivers had approximately three times the number of past moving violation convictions as had the legally-innocent ones. Further analyses revealed a number of additional relationships, including the greater incidence of fatality and alcohol involvement among the legally-culpable drivers. Marked differences between the two groups in terms of central tendencies and covariance structure of relevant variables suggest that two different populations of drivers are involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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