The Relationship Between Neighborhood Safety and Children's Asthma: An Integrative Review

Kelli DePriest, Arlene Butz, Roland J. Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: There is a growing body of research analyzing the relationships between neighborhood safety and children's asthma prevalence and control. There are several inconsistencies in concepts and methods that have led to mixed results. The purpose of this review is to critically evaluate the current evidence analyzing neighborhood safety and childhood asthma and identify nursing research and policy implications. Method: An integrative review was conducted by searching the PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PsychINFO databases to identify peer-reviewed articles published between 2010-2017. Fourteen studies met inclusion criteria. Results: Overall, there was evidence pointing to associations among neighborhoods being unsafe and higher asthma prevalence and/or poorer asthma control. Discussion: The association between neighborhood safety and children's asthma warrants further research with universal definitions for neighborhood safety and multi-level modelling. The review also supports the “Health in All Policies” approach as safety is one of several social determinants of health that influence children's asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-611
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • integrative review
  • neighborhood safety
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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