The relation between maternal ADHD symptoms & improvement in child behavior following brief behavioral parent training is mediated by change in negative parenting

Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Kelly A. O'Brien, Charlotte Johnston, Heather A. Jones, Tana L. Clarke, Veronica L. Raggi, Mary E. Rooney, Yamalis Diaz, Jessica Pian, Karen E. Seymour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the extent to which maternal attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms predict improvement in child behavior following brief behavioral parent training. Change in parenting was examined as a potential mediator of the negative relationship between maternal ADHD symptoms and improvement in child behavior. Seventy mothers of 6-10 year old children with ADHD underwent a comprehensive assessment of adult ADHD prior to participating in an abbreviated parent training program. Before and after treatment, parenting was assessed via maternal reports and observations and child disruptive behavior was measured via maternal report. Controlling for pre-treatment levels, maternal ADHD symptomatology predicted post-treatment child disruptive behavior problems. The relation between maternal ADHD symptomatology and improvement in child behavior was mediated by change in observed maternal negative parenting. This study replicated findings linking maternal ADHD symptoms with attenuated child improvement following parent training, and is the first to demonstrate that negative parenting at least partially explains this relationship. Innovative approaches combining evidencebased treatment for adult ADHD with parent training may therefore be necessary for families in which both the mother and child have ADHD. Larger-scale studies using a full evidence-based parent training program are needed to replicate these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1047-1057
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult ADHD
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Parent training
  • Parent-child interactions
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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