A retrospective study was designed to verify how often an anatomic variation caused the radial sensory nerve entrapment at the forearm (Wartenberg's syndrome). This variation, in which the superficial branch of the radial nerve emerges from under the fascia between two slips of a split brachioradialis tendon, was mentioned once in a clinical textbook as a basis for nerve entrapment but was found to occur in 5 of 150 dissected arms in 4 of 75 cadavers (3.3% of the investigated arms) in a recent anatomic study. To evaluate the incidence of this variation, 143 operative reports from patients who had Wartenberg's syndrome were reviewed. The variation was observed in seven patients. We conclude that any operation for Wartenberg's syndrome should include a thorough investigation of the site where the radial sensory nerve emerges from under the fascia and, if the nerve emerges through a split brachioradialis tendon, the anomalous tendon slip should be divided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine