The psychosocial functioning and family environment of depressed adolescents

Joaquim Puig-Antich, Joan Kaufman, Neal D. Ryan, Douglas E. Williamson, Ronald E. Dahl, Ellen Lukens, George Todak, Paul Ambrosini, Harris Rabinovich, Beverly Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study examined measures of functional impairment and family relations in a sample of 62 adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 38 normal controls with no history of psychiatric illness. Method: Ratings of the following domains were obtained: Mother-child relations, father-child relations, spousal relations, sibling relations, peer relations, and school performance. Ratings of each domain for the 3-month period preceding the assessment were derived from information obtained using a semistructured interview administered independently to the adolescents and one of their parents. Results: Adolescents with MDD were found to have severe difficulties in all areas. Ninety percent of the depressed adolescents had scores greater than 2 SD above the mean of the normal controls on one or more of the domain ratings. In addition, adolescents with difficulties in parent-child relations were more likely than those adolescents without problems in family relations to have difficulties in peer relations and school performance. Conclusions: The authors discuss the importance of systematically examining psychosocial variables in future studies of the etiology, course, and treatment of MDD in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-253
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Major Depressive Disorder
Family Relations
Sibling Relations
Father-Child Relations
Parent-Child Relations
Mother-Child Relations
Psychiatry
Parents
Interviews
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Childhood depression
  • Family environment
  • Psychosocial functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Puig-Antich, J., Kaufman, J., Ryan, N. D., Williamson, D. E., Dahl, R. E., Lukens, E., ... Nelson, B. (1993). The psychosocial functioning and family environment of depressed adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(2), 244-253.

The psychosocial functioning and family environment of depressed adolescents. / Puig-Antich, Joaquim; Kaufman, Joan; Ryan, Neal D.; Williamson, Douglas E.; Dahl, Ronald E.; Lukens, Ellen; Todak, George; Ambrosini, Paul; Rabinovich, Harris; Nelson, Beverly.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1993, p. 244-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Puig-Antich, J, Kaufman, J, Ryan, ND, Williamson, DE, Dahl, RE, Lukens, E, Todak, G, Ambrosini, P, Rabinovich, H & Nelson, B 1993, 'The psychosocial functioning and family environment of depressed adolescents', Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 244-253.
Puig-Antich, Joaquim ; Kaufman, Joan ; Ryan, Neal D. ; Williamson, Douglas E. ; Dahl, Ronald E. ; Lukens, Ellen ; Todak, George ; Ambrosini, Paul ; Rabinovich, Harris ; Nelson, Beverly. / The psychosocial functioning and family environment of depressed adolescents. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1993 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 244-253.
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